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Firstly, identify the source of the bleeding. Was it from the nose, mouth, ears, rectum, vagina, or a wound on the skin? The location can provide clues as to the underlying cause. For example, bleeding from the nose could be due to trauma, a foreign body, or even a clotting disorder. Vaginal bleeding outside of a normal heat cycle could suggest a uterine infection or other reproductive issues.
Since your dog is not currently on any flea and tick preventatives, it's important to check for external parasites, as they can cause skin irritation leading to bleeding. Also, without a history of vaccinations, there is an increased risk for diseases that can cause bleeding, such as canine distemper or parvovirus.
At home, ensure that your dog is in a calm and safe environment to prevent further injury or stress. If the bleeding was external and from a wound, you can clean it with mild antiseptic and apply pressure to stop the bleeding. However, do not attempt to treat severe wounds or internal bleeding at home.
Keep a close eye on your dog for any signs of deterioration, such as increased bleeding, lethargy, pale gums, difficulty breathing, or a swollen abdomen. These symptoms could indicate a more serious condition, such as internal bleeding or anemia, and would require immediate veterinary attention.