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Vomiting in cats can be caused by a variety of issues ranging from dietary indiscretion to systemic diseases. Given that your American Shorthair cat is experiencing multiple episodes of vomiting per day, along with diarrhea that is bloody or black, this is a cause for concern. The presence of blood or a black, tarry appearance in the stool can indicate bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract, which could be due to ulcers, infections, ingestion of a toxic substance, or even a clotting disorder.
The fact that your cat is also experiencing eye issues could suggest a systemic illness or infection that may be affecting multiple body systems. Without current medications or known medical conditions, it's challenging to pinpoint the exact cause without a physical examination and diagnostic tests.
At home, ensure your cat has access to fresh water but avoid giving food for a short period (12-24 hours) to rest the gastrointestinal tract. However, do not withhold water. After this period, you can offer a bland diet, such as boiled chicken or white fish, in small amounts. Monitor your cat closely for any changes in behavior, appetite, or worsening of symptoms.
It's crucial to keep the environment calm and stress-free for your cat, as stress can exacerbate gastrointestinal symptoms. Make sure your cat's litter box is clean to encourage use and monitor for any changes in urine or fecal output.
If your cat's vomiting persists, if he becomes lethargic, shows signs of pain, has a distended abdomen, continues to have bloody or black stools, or if the eye issues worsen, these are all indications that immediate veterinary attention is required. Dehydration is a concern with vomiting and diarrhea, so if your cat's skin seems less elastic or his gums are tacky to the touch, this could indicate dehydration, another reason to seek veterinary care promptly.
In the meantime, keep a detailed record of your cat's symptoms, including frequency of vomiting and diarrhea, any changes in behavior, and any potential toxins or unusual items he may have ingested. This information will be valuable to your veterinarian in diagnosing and treating your cat.
If you have any additional questions, please don’t hesitate to come back to us! Thank you.